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Integrated analysis of miRNA-mRNA regulatory networks of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) in response to cadmium stress
2021-10-22 10:43   审核人:

Cadmium (Cd) stress is a ubiquitous abiotic stress affecting plant growth worldwide and negatively impacting crop yield and food safety. Potato is the most important non-grain crop globally, but there is limited research available on the response of this crop to Cd stress. This study explored the coping mechanism for Cd stress in potato through analyses of miRNA and mRNA. Tissue culture seedlings (20-day-old) of potato variety ’Atlantic’ were cultured for up to 48 h in liquid medium containing 5 mmol/L CdCl2, and phenotypic, physiological, and transcriptomic changes were observed at specific times. With the extension of Cd stress time, the potato leaves gradually wilted and curled, and root salicylic acid (SA), glutathione (GSH), and lignin contents and peroxidase (POD) activity increased, while indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) and zeatin (ZT) contents decreased. Using miRNA-seq, 161 existing miRNAs, 383 known miRNAs, and 7361 novel miRNAs were identified, and, 18 miRNAs were differentially expressed in response to Cd stress. Based on mRNA-seq, 7340 differentially expressed mRNAs (DEGs) were found. Through mRNA-miRNA integrated analysis, miRNA-target gene pairs consisting of 23 DEGs and 33 miRNAs were identified. Furthermore, “glutathione metabolism” “plant hormone signal transduction” and “phenylpropanoid biosynthesis” were established as crucial pathways in the Cd stress response of potato. Novel miRNAs novel-m3483-5p and novel-m2893-5p participate in these pathways through targeted regulation of cinnamic alcohol dehydrogenase (CAD; PG0005359) and alanine aminotransferase (POP; PG0024281), respectively. This study provides information that will help elucidate the complex mechanism of the Cd stress response in potato. Moreover, candidate miRNAs and mRNAs could yield new strategies for the development of Cd-tolerant potato breeding.

附件【Integrated analysis of miRNA-mRNA regulatory networks of potato__(Solanum tuberosum L.) in response to cadmium stress.pdf已下载
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